The Public Defender: First Line of Defense to Ensure Right to Fair Trial

Julianne M. Holt Public Defender of Hillsborough County 13th Judicial Circuit

Julianne M. Holt, Public Defender of Hillsborough County

Before being elected as Public Defender of Hillsborough County in 1993, Julianne Holt served as special court appointed public defender from 1987-1992 and was in private law practice from 1981-1992. In this role, Holt manages the largest criminal defense entity in Hillsborough County, Florida, with 223 employees. She also directs the representation of over 60,000 cases annually. She and her office have consistently donated their time, financial support and talent to aid organizations, students and citizens, both locally and nationally. On March 20, 2015, Julianne M. Holt, Public Defender of Hillsborough County, spoke to WMU-Cooley Law School students, honoring the 40th anniversary of the Gideon v. Wainwright decision.

John Adams once said, “No man in a free country should be denied a right to counsel and a fair trial.”   In Gideon, the Supreme Court decided that states under the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution have an obligation to provide counsel to those being tried in a criminal case who do not have the financial ability to afford an attorney. The ruling paved the way for a public defender system in this country.

Holt pointed out that public defenders are the first line of defense. Public defenders help to ensure that those who are unable to afford counsel can be given a fair trial.  Ensuring a fair trial becomes difficult when the crimes committed are so horrible that public calls for swift justice. In her presentation, Ms. Holt recounted a time in American history, after the Boston Massacre, when an attorney defended some of the British soldiers. As a result of this representation, the attorney lost half of the clients he represented in his practice. How often do we, in our personal lives, determine an individual’s guilt based on the court of public opinion or based on the opinion of the new media?

Through Gideon, a line of defense was created. This line of defense, known as the public defender, helps ensure that each of us is never denied a right to a fair trial. The public defender defends this right, even when it takes great courage to do so.

Watch, in full (34:46 min.), the May 21, 2015 presentation Gideon: A Retrospective – Julianne M. Holt, Public Defender, 13th Judicial Circuit Court, Hillsborough County, Florida.

WMU-Cooley faculty, staff and students join the Hon. Julianne Holt. in her discussion on civil liberties and, in it, the role of the public defender.

WMU-Cooley faculty, staff and students join the Hon. Julianne Holt. in her discussion on civil liberties and, in it, the role of the public defender.

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WMU-Cooley Professor Jeffrey Swartz: Assuring Accurate Legal Expert Commentary for ABC Action News

Working with the Media: Ms. Wendy Ryan, anchor and reporter, ABC Action News, Tampa, and WMU-Cooley Law School Tampa Bay campus Professor Jeffrey Swartz

Working with the Media: Ms. Wendy Ryan, anchor and reporter, ABC Action News, Tampa, and WMU-Cooley Law School Tampa Bay campus Professor Jeffrey Swartz

As much as every news affiliate is looking for a story, reporters and news sources are always in need of someone who can take personal opinion out of a story and replace it with a professional and objective account of a story – no matter how controversial. Many also can argue that literally every story has the potential to have a legal viewpoint.

Enter WMU-Cooley Law School Professor Jeffrey Swartz — Tampa, Florida’s ABC Action News legal authority and go-to source on any of the many timely and important topics of the day. Outside of teaching WMU-Cooley law students about criminal law and criminal procedure, Professor Swartz also spends time instructing and working with reporters from ABC Action News as their dedicated legal expert. He is charged with taking even the most emotional and controversial topic or story and explaining to viewers what is going on or what is going to happen in an objective, professional and legal manner.

“It is important to me that the public understands the importance of each and every case upon which I render an opinion,” stated Swartz. “That is why I spend time with each reporter with whom I work to provide insight making their report, to assure that the viewers get accurate information on trials and other issues from the broadcast media. It is always about getting it right. Just as attorneys are held to a code of professional responsibility, so are journalists.  It’s important to me when working with the media to set high professional and ethical standards in my role as professor, attorney and former judge. Everyone has an opinion, but the story must be guided by the truth and the law.”

Here are just some of the topics covered by Professor Swartz on ABC Action News:

Supreme Court decision on same-sex marriage lawsuits could impact Florida

Lawsuit targets Polk SO, Sheriff Grady Judd

Former Polk teacher, Jennifer Fichter, pleads guilty to having sex with students

Defense allowed to recreate theater shooting

Movie Theater Shooting Victim’s Wife Emotional in Court

WMU-Cooley Law School Professor Jeffrey Swartz served as a county court judge for Miami-Dade County, Florida, where he presided over criminal and civil cases, and as senior trial counsel in commercial litigation and criminal defense for Rosenthal, Rosenthal Rasco Kaplan, LLC; and Miller, Kagan, Rodriguez and Silver, before joining the WMU-Cooley faculty.  He also served as a member of the faculty of the Conference of County Court Judges, as well as for the faculty of the College of Advanced Judicial Studies. He served three terms as a member and chair of the Florida Supreme Court Judicial Ethics Advisory Committee and is serving a four year term on the Florida Bar Standing Committee on the Rules of Criminal Procedure. At WMU-Cooley, Professor Swartz teaches Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure, along with being the legal expert for ABC Action News.

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‘Don’t Be the Dog in the Basket’ – Solo Practice Expert Shares How to Use True Stories to Help Clients Understand Need for Lawyer Expertise

WMU-Cooley Professor Gary Bauer

WMU-Cooley Professor Gary Bauer

Professor Gary Bauer has been a member of the full-time faculty at WMU-Cooley Law School since 1998. He has worked as a criminal defense attorney, as litigation director for the school’s Sixty Plus Inc., Elderlaw Clinic, and now is a professor teaching Estate Planning to third-year law students and a directed study class he created called Solo By Design. He was appointed to the chairmanship of the General Practice Solo Concentration in 1999 and to the executive committee of the Institute for Continuing Legal Education in 2015. In January 2015, Professor Bauer began his blog,, to provide law students, recent solo practioners, and seasoned professionals who wish to go solo, with information and resources to be successful in the legal business. The following blog post was first published on March 11, 2015.

 “Can’t Do That On LegalZoom”

The title above appears on a t-shirt that my students gave me which has the LegalZoom™ logo on it. Above it in felt-tip marker is written “Can’t do that on.” They also signed it on the back. The reason they gave me that shirt is that they heard me describe how online legal services are not always the best possible alternative for individuals during my Estate Planning class.

Don’t get me wrong, many individuals will not seek the services of a lawyer, and without Legalzoom™ they would not seek assistance of any sort. Some individuals will always look for more efficient ways to accomplish their goals. And to their credit, Legalzoom™ is one of the entities providing a service that appears to have met an unmet need. Many lawyers see this and other legal access sites as their impending doom and a major game changer for legal services for the future. I see it somewhat differently.

A True Story

For example, as a high school student exactly 50 years ago, I was employed at a veterinary clinic on weekends. At that clinic, there were over 60 cages which were used to house animals who were recovering from medical interventions. The majority of them, however, were used to board animals for a fee. One of my tasks was to take the animals (usually dogs) and put them in “runs” so they could get exercise. Meanwhile, I cleaned their cages and refreshed their water and food. One of the animals boarded almost every weekend was a German Shepherd. The “owners” would bring the dog to the clinic for the weekend and pick him up on Mondays.

Let me describe that animal. He was full-grown and always carried into the clinic in a padded basket. The reason he didn’t come in on a leash was that he couldn’t walk. In fact, all he did was lay on his side. Periodically, using the muscles of the trunk of his body, he would rise a few inches. He was paralyzed in his extremities. His eyes would often be matted and it was essential that he be placed on a lamb’s fleece and turned periodically. I was astonished at the condition of this dog when I first saw him and asked the veterinarian, why this was so?

The vet explained that the couple had been charged with the care of this dog after the owner had passed away. He said that it was his understanding that they were being paid a monthly stipend to care for the dog as long as it lived. He also explained that the affliction of that animal occurred after the original owner had passed away. Personally, I found it objectionable that they would keep that dog alive. As I look back, as a skeptic, I feel their motives were suspect and that the money was the object of their affection, not the welfare of that dog.

The lesson? Unintended consequences may flow from your carefully laid plans, as in this case. Be careful what you wish for! You love your pet and put in place what you believe are safeguards to protect your dog after you pass away. You establish a pet trust to insure that your dog is cared for after you are gone. As a result of this experience, if I established a trust for a pet, I would provide for a trusted, uncompensated, third party with powers to intervene and terminate the trust under certain circumstances consistent with the welfare of the animal. But that advice is personal to me and would flow from my legal education and experience. The owner of that dog would have probably been horrified at the outcome, and no cost would be too great to prevent such a miscarriage of their intent.

“Can’t Get That On LegalZoom™”

This brings me to the title of this post, which happens to be on my t-shirt and the connection to this story. I hear many attorneys lament the development of legal resources on the internet and the potential they have to affect their bottom line. I couldn’t disagree more. Examples like the one above demonstrate that there will always be a place for good legal counsel which cannot be accessed online. All of my students inquire of their clients whether they have any pets to help the client make well-reasoned decisions concerning their care after the client dies. The least valuable outcome for any client is the document itself. It is the counseling that goes into informed decision-making and execution on that plan that has the greatest value. It really requires someone experienced enough to see the potential “parade of horrors” that may dominate the ultimate outcomes of a client’s best laid plans. They can do it on their own, but they risk the “dog in a basket” outcome. And after the person dies, who will probate the estate? The counseling before preparation and later execution of that plan is where the greatest skill must be employed. As you will notice, even websites of self-prepared documents offer to connect the applicant with attorneys for the legal advice that that person may wish to consult. The problem is that the self-help individual may not have the ability to understand that there are legal or practical considerations that can only be the product of education and experience.

“Experience is a hard teacher. She gives the test first and the lessons afterwards.” – Anonymous

Recently one of my students came back from the Register of Deeds Office in our county. When the Registrar heard the student say that she was in her third year of law school, the Registrar told her to try to get individuals to seek her services in drafting their deeds. The reason for this was that the Registrar’s office gave blank deeds to individuals who sought them as a service to the community. As long as those deeds were in “record-able form” the Registrar was obligated to record them. However, she explained, “they are usually full of errors in the legal descriptions or types of estates granted.” And the Registrar is prohibited from giving legal advice. So she must record those “messes” as she described them.  She found it extremely frustrating to see this going on, but could not intercede or offer any legal advice.

Many of the errors introduced or poor planning decisions eventually will play out in some fashion. True, some are harmless and can be rectified without too much difficulty. But how many of those errors cost more in the rectification, which then offsets the “savings” realized in the initial creation of that legal document? The solution is better public awareness of the types of legal conundrums people routinely find themselves in by the Bar or the ABA. Everyday another example of misplaced or misunderstood actions by non-attorneys crosses my desk in one way or another.

The Lesson For You

If you have been in practice for any length of time, you know the value of good counsel. We need to do a better job of helping the potential client understand why a lawyer’s knowledge and experience in the process is “invaluable.” Tell them a “true story” of your own so they understand the value of your service. See “Sell The Sizzle, Not The Steak”, an earlier post on this blog for suggestions how you might do that.


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Aging parents should plan ahead to avoid being another exploitation or scam statistic

Professor Kimberly O'Leary

Professor Kimberly E. O’Leary

Western Michigan University Cooley Law School Professor Kimberly O’Leary supervises and teaches third-year law students in its Sixty Plus, Inc. Elderlaw Clinic. The clinic works to help older adults by drafting documents to help them plan for the future, allowing them to maintain independence for as long as possible. Professor O’Leary has written extensively in the field of attorney-client counseling, housing law, diversity training, the relationship between social justice goals and clinical law offices and clinical teaching.

All of us see news stories from time to time about older adults who fall prey to bad actors who find ways to steal money, homes and other resources. Most older people have an intense desire to stay in their own homes, even as they age and sometimes become frail. Many cannot afford to hire professional caregivers, and often do not have family or friends who can provide the care they need.

Some of these frail adults are taken in by people who promise life-long care in exchange for the transfer of assets such as a family home or bank accounts. Such adults are often isolated and unable to reach for help after realizing they have fallen victim to unethical schemes.

Don’t let aging adults become a victim. It can be avoided. All it takes is some planning and putting that plan into place.

Sixty Plus student, Andrew Warshaw, recently wrote a piece in the Ingham County Bar Briefs offering advice to seniors on how to avoid being the victim of telephone scams. Lawyers can also help older adults plan for the future. By having an attorney draft a plan, or by appointing a trusted family member or friend to help you with a plan, you can avoid making tragic mistakes. If you or someone you know is 60 or older in need of legal assistance, Sixty Plus might be able to help. Sixty Plus is a national award-winning program providing quality legal services for over 30 years serving those in Michigan’s Eaton, Ingham, and Clinton Counties. Sixty Plus was selected by Elder Law of Michigan, Inc. as this year’s recipient of the Call to Justice Founder’s Award.  The award recognizes those advocates  who have made a significant or meaningful impact on the aging community.

Professor O’Leary has presented papers at the UCLA/University of London International Clinical Scholarship Conference and the New York Clinical Theory Workshop. Most recently she has written in an Elder Law of Michigan Blog about how to incorporate specific language to help flag and prevent exploitation and how to encourage adults to discuss their need with those they trust long before such help is needed.

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Exoneree Donya Davis rejoicing: Gets to spend his first Mother’s Day with his mom after 7 years in prison

Donya Davis gives his mom, Denise Larry, a big hug on the Capitol steps after a news conference on May 7, 2015, introducing Senator Steve Bieda's bill to provide compensation to the wrongfully convicted.

Donya Davis gives his mom, Denise Larry, a big hug after a news conference introducing Sen. Steve Bieda’s bill to provide compensation to the wrongfully convicted.

WMU-Cooley Innocence Project’s most recent exoneree Donya Davis was choked up just thinking about this Mother’s Day.

“It means the world to me that I’m here for Mother’s Day this year because last Mother’s Day we both cried for the whole day,” remembered Davis. “We were back and forth on the phone, just so we could hear each other’s voices. This Mother’s Day is like a dream come true.”

Donya’s mom, Denise Larry, knows that this Mother’s Day is going to be special, like no other.

“Mother’s Day to me this year will be the most special day of my life,” exclaimed Larry. “On this day, my heart won’t be broken; my soul will be free to enjoy life again. I can hug my son and listen to his jokes all day.”

She never stopped fighting for her son’s freedom. The fight took an economic and emotional toll on both of them.  Donya missed many milestones in his mother’s and his children’s lives, not to mention any possible educational and employment opportunities he might have had during those lost years.

WMU-Cooley Innocence Project Director Marla Mitchell-Cichen hugs Ken Wyniemko, the projects first exoneree in June 2003 and its latest exoneree Donya Davis, found innocent in November 2014.

WMU-Cooley Innocence Project Director Marla Mitchell-Cichon (center) hugs Ken Wyniemko (left), the Project’s first exoneree in June 2003, and its latest exoneree Donya Davis (right).

Ken Wyniemko spent nine years in prison for a crime he didn’t commit. Five years after he was exonerated through DNA evidence, the actual perpetrator was identified. While incarcerated, Ken’s father died. In Ken’s words, “He shouldn’t have suffered, and neither should have I.”

“There is no way to replace all that Ken has lost,” stated WMU-Cooley Innocence Project Director Marla Mitchell-Cichon. “What worse injustice could there be than to be wrongfully convicted and then receive no support from the state once you prove your innocence. As an innocence project lawyer, my focus is on getting the innocent person out of prison — a process that can take years. But today, my time and attention is focused on what happens after exoneration. In Michigan, an individual who is paroled from prison receives services and other support from the State. Not so with someone who proves his innocence. Innocent individuals in Michigan receive nothing. Someone who is factually innocent in Michigan receives no services or support. I think we can do better.”

On May 7, 2015, Senator Steve Bieda (D-Warren) introduced Senate Bill 291, the Wrongful Imprisonment Compensation Act. Thirty states and the District of Columbia have compensation laws. Michigan’s SB 291 and House Bill 4536, would provide for financial and other support to innocent Michigan exonerees.

Kenneth Wyniemko introduces and acknowledges each of his fellow exonerees before addressing the media. From left: Exonerees Donya Davis (standing), Julie Baumer, and brothers Thomas and Raymond Highers, then Sen. Steve Bieda, Wyniemko and Sen. Rick Jones.

Kenneth Wyniemko introduces and acknowledges each of his fellow exonerees before addressing the media. From left: Exonerees Donya Davis (standing), Julie Baumer, and brothers Thomas and Raymond Highers, then Sen. Steve Bieda, Wyniemko and Sen. Rick Jones.

“With the introduction of this legislation, it is my intent to help these individuals who were wrongfully convicted re-establish their lives,” Bieda said of his bill that would provide compensation for the wrongfully convicted. “When an individual is proven innocent they should find a state that wants to help them, not another legal battle.”

Mitchell-Cichon agreed that it really is not possible to make up for the losses these men and women have endured, but compensation is a good start. “Helping wrongfully convicted individuals reintegrate into society is the right and just thing to do. The most critical time is the first couple of years after being released from prison. The worst injustice is when the state fails to compensate its citizens who served time in prison for a crime they didn’t commit.”

It’s not a matter of choice in her mind. “We must take care of people who have been wrongfully convicted,” stated Mitchell-Cichon. “The need is too great. These individuals have not only lost their freedom for years, but have lost everything. Their lives have been changed forever through no fault of their own. Providing essential services and necessary financial support will give them a fighting chance to find their way back into society.”

Watch the May 7, 2015 news conference in its entirety.

Watch Channel 7 news report

Read MLive news article



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The Magna Carta: On Despotic Monarchs, Great Charters and the Rule of Law

Western Michigan University Cooley Law School Professor Devin Schindler

WMU-Cooley Professor Devin Schindler

So, you are King John of England in the year 1215. You are having a bad year. A very bad year. You have managed to lose half your kingdom to the rapacious French as the result of a series of military blunders. You’ve taxed your people back to the Stone Age to pay for an opulent lifestyle and for your many unsuccessful military campaigns. Your mother hates you, all of your brothers are dead and your family life is maelstrom of dysfunction. Your barons, upon whom you rely for money, men and support, are bordering on open rebellion. The locals are shopping for spikes upon which to impale your head.

You prevail upon the Pope to save you and your kingdom. The Archbishop of Canterbury, Stephen Langston, steps up and acts as an intermediary between you and your disgruntled barons. You ultimately agree to travel to Runnymede, a water meadow located west of London, to sign a settlement agreement in which you promise, among other things, to share power with the barons, lower taxes and to not imprison people contrary to the “law of the land.” Eight hundred years later, the document you signed, known as the Magna Carta, remains one of the defining documents of the American polity.

On May 1, The Grand Rapids Bar Association, in coordination with Western Michigan University-Cooley Law School, celebrated the Magna Carta’s anniversary as part of its annual law day celebration. The highlight of the festivities was a discussion of the continued importance of this revered document by Professor Sally Hadden of Western Michigan University. Professor Hadden is one of the nation’s leading experts in medieval legal history. With both a J.D. and a Ph.D. in History from Harvard, Professor Hadden was able to bring a unique historical and legal perspective on the how the Magna Carta shaped history in general and our nation’s constitutional commitment to self rule, in particular.

WMU Professor Sally Hadden

WMU Professor Sally Hadden

As explained by Professor Hadden, the Magna Carta had little immediate impact. King John quickly repudiated the agreement, gaining the approval of the Pope within months of having signed it to ignore its provisions. Many of its provisions deal with arcane matters of little modern significance, such as inheritances (Provision 5: “Heirs will be married without disparagement”), taxation (Provision 29: “No constable is to compel any Knight to give money for castle guard, if he is willing to perform that guard in his own person”), commerce (Provision 33: “Henceforth all fish-weirs will be …removed from the Thames”) and civil procedure (Provision 44: “men who live outside the forest will not come before our justices of the forest upon a general summons.”).

Four principals embodied by the “Grand Charter” however, place it at both the apex of political theory and in the cornerstone of the American Constitution.

A copy of a 1297 version of Magna Carta is on display during a press viewing at the National Archives March 3, 2008 in Washington, DC.

A copy of a 1297 version of Magna Carta is on display during a press viewing at the National Archives March 3, 2008 in Washington, DC.

First, the Magna Carta guarantees that “(N)o free man will be taken or imprisoned….save by lawful judgment of his peers and the law of the land.” (Provision 39) This, of course, became the foundation of the right to trial by jury.

Second, the Magna Carta guaranteed the right of individuals to travel both throughout England and internationally (Provision 41). In a 1958 case, Kent v. Dulles, the Supreme Court cited the Magna Carta for the proposition that “(t)he right to travel is a part of the ‘liberty’ of which a citizen cannot be deprived without the due process of law of the Fifth Amendment.”

Third is the concept of due process, also embodied in Provision 39. This “law of the land provision” in many ways was the springboard for the Constitutional guarantees of due process, a speedy trial, and representation by counsel. The constitutional guarantees against unreasonable searches and seizures, excessive fines, and cruel and unusual punishment also find common root in the Magna Carta’s promise that no person will be imprisoned “save by….the law of the land.”

Fourth, and finally, the idea of checks on the power of the sovereign through the creation of a representative body; i.e., a Congress, was embodied in the Magna Carta’s creation of group of “advisors” whose consent would be necessary to impose unusual taxes. Hence, in Provision 16, the Magna Carta required the king to “summons” his earls and high barons (among others) to meet at a “fixed place” for a “fixed time” for the purpose of giving their “general consent” before any additional taxes were imposed. This provision, and several others like it, reflected the now well-established principal of self-rule and representative government; a principal which was reflected in the cry of “no taxation without representation” that animated the American revolution.

Much of the Magna Carta has been rendered moot by history. The principals of representative democracy and the rule of law which underlie it, however, remain every bit as vital in 2015 as they were 800 years ago. Perhaps the greatest tribute to the Magna Carta is the fact that it has been cited over 170 times by the Supreme Court as one of our country’s animating documents. Long live the Magna Carta!

Professor Devin Schindler is a frequent commentator on numerous Constitutional and healthcare issues, having been interviewed over 200 times by radio, television, print and internet media sources.  His comments have appeared in Time Magazine, The Huffington Post, The New York Times, The San Francisco Chronicle and numerous local media outlets.  For 15 years, Professor Schindler hosted his own radio program, “The Constitution among Friends” on WGVU public radio. He is a frequent author and has made hundreds of speeches on constitutional law issues and health care compliance. He most recently published articles in the Whittier Law Review, Case Western Reserve’s Health Matrix: Journal of Health-Medicine, and in Quinnipac Universities’ Health Law Journal.

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Students Rank WMU-Cooley Among the Top 50 Law Schools per

WMU-Cooley Law School is ranked among the nation’s the Top 50 law school programs according to the Spring 2015 Graduate School Ranking just released by  This ranking system is unique in that it ranks the nation’s best graduate programs based solely on ratings and reviews from current or recent students.


WMU-Cooley Law School ranked especially high (8-10 rating) in much of the study, including the areas of academic competitiveness, campus safety, career support, education quality, faculty accessibility & support, grad program value, quality of network, school use of technology, student diversity, and workload.

See the rating chart here. says that individuals looking into graduate programs want to hear from their peers and what they have to say about their grad school experience. “That’s what we hope to provide: information to help you make higher education decisions; and a candid and honest look at a graduate school program experience from other students just like you. Your peers have left these ratings and comments, so trust them.”

Here are some the student Ratings & Review comments about WMU-Cooley Law School:

  • “The JD program at Thomas M. Cooley is extremely competitive . . . academics of the school is tops in the nation for the same school. Many of the alumni of Thomas M. Cooley practice law throughout the country, and work for the federal government. The social network of the students and the faculty at Cooley, will make it much easier to gain employment to any state in the country.”

  • “The weekend program is a great choice if you work full time.””The pros are the support you receive from the staff and faculty. I cannot think of any cons.”
  • “Great school. A lot of support.”

  •  “I am excited to take my education further in law school. I think Cooley will really prepare me for the bar exam and for law school. I will have to network and make my own connections, but am excited to attend the networking events provided.”
  • “Cooley is very helpful to all of their students.

  • “I am excited to take my education further in law school. I think Cooley will really prepare me for the bar exam and for law school. I will have to network and make my own connections, but am excited to attend the networking events provided.”
  • “There are many pros to attending Thomas M. Cooley Law School. It provides a well rounded legal education that prepares students for not only the State Bar, but also for real life practice. The faculty have a wide range of professional experience that they pass on to the students. Students who attend Cooley get the prestige of being a student at a private law school, while paying less than other private law schools. One of the greatest things about Cooley is they give students a chance. Many law school look at LSAT score and if it isn’t high enough, you won’t get in. However, Cooley recognizes that not everyone is good at standardized testing, but are still capable of being amazing advocates.”

  • “Very valuable legal education. I feel like the professors are very genuine and want you to succeed in their classes as well as doing well on the bar. I believe I have some of the best professors and practicing attorneys in the state that will lead me to a rewarding and enticing career in the future. Getting experience during legal education is also very important to me and Cooley offers just that.”
  • “The staff and faculty are very supportive and understanding of the students needs.”

Program rankings results were compiled using data gathered between September 1, 2012 and March 31, 2015, and encompass reviews posted by more than 70,000 students participating in over 1,600 graduate programs nationwide.  Ratings are based on a 10 star system (with 1 being the worst and 10 being the best).


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