Nelson P. Miller, along with co-editors James D. Robb and John D. Crane, has just published a book called Lawyers as Economic Drivers: The Business Case for Legal Services (Vandeplas Publishing, 2012). The book presents essays by practitioners from across the nation containing insightful descriptions of how lawyers promote prosperity in the United States and beyond its borders through their legal services. Those essays provide a spirited and detailed defense against the recent, uninformed and short-sighted attacks against legal education from politicians, gadflies, media “talking heads,” journalists, anonymous scam bloggers, some members of our own profession and even, perhaps inexplicably, members of the academy. The post below is an edited excerpt from Dean Miller’s chapter, called “Data and Scholarship on Lawyer Economic Activity.”
So, esteemed law scholar Brian Tamanaha of Washington University Law School publishes a book arguing that there are too many new lawyers. We should respect Professor Tamanaha’s sensitive view that law schools need to teach more practically while keeping tuition low. Those commitments are Cooley’s mission. Where we disagree is with Professor Tamanaha’s view that there are too many new lawyers. While the too-many view is fine to teach at some law schools, especially those schools that market themselves as producing and preserving an elite profession, Cooley has a far more robust vision for lawyers. Every well-trained, responsible, and committed lawyer has a greater productive capacity than a non-lawyer. Lawyers are wealth creators. There is not a finite need for law services. Law practice is not a zero-sum game. Law services make it possible to grow larger economies.
A few decades ago, some were predicting over capacity for automotive production because nearly every American household had a vehicle. Now, every American has one, and the Chinese buy more vehicles than Americans in an enormous new market. We are also far more productive because of that added transportation. A while ago, some were saying that we had enough computers. Then Apple invented the iPod, iPhone, and iPad. Everyone has them, and we are far more productive.
Just when the law profession should be seeing its best business case as a value creator and adder, Professor Tamanaha’s view sounds more like traditional zero-sum thinking. Under that thinking, accountants would form limited liability companies and corporations, real estate agents would prepare leases and sales contracts, and non-lawyer title services would draft deeds–all without adequately advising their clients of important rights and obligations. Are medical schools advertising that there are too many healers? Are engineering schools advertising that there are too many builders?
Cooley is doing a better job of teaching new lawyers that they have something sound, fundamental, and creative to offer, as value creators and value adders. Not all new lawyers will be prosecutors and trial lawyers. Some will start new businesses or grow old businesses using their practical knowledge of how to organize, capitalize, comply, and manage. Others will create new public charities using their skills and living their passion. Still others will fill the huge gaps in legal services to the urban and rural under-served by creating visionary new law products and delivery systems.
Professor Tamanaha’s view is fine for some schools and lawyers. It is not the vision that my clients wanted to hear from me. They wanted to know a more profound truth, that the rule and productive capacity of law with which I could help them was a wealth creator. What we need is a supply of lawyers who hold that productive vision. I agree with Professor Tamanaha that we need fewer lawyers who fail to see their role in wealth creation. I disagree that we need fewer lawyers.